W. B. Gallie; IX.—Essentially Contested Concepts, Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Volume 56, Issue 1, 1 June , Pages – Conceptual confusion has long been a source of difficulty in the study of politics. W. B. Gallie’s analysis of ‘essentially contested concepts’, published in ‘W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts’. Re-Reading of W.B. Gallie, ‘ Essentially Contested Concepts’, Proceedings of the Aristotelian.
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The Ethics and Tactics of Argument.
Open Concepts and Contested Concepts. Garver describes their use as follows: He suggests three avenues whereby one might resolve such disputes:. Whilst Gallie’s expression “essentially contested concepts” precisely denotes those “essentially questionable and corrigible concepts” which “are permanently and essentially subject to revision and question”,  close examination of the wide conccepts varied and imprecise applications of Ckncepts term subsequent toby those who have ascribed their own literal meaning to Gallie’s term without ever consulting Gallie’s work, have led many philosophers to conclude that “essentially disputed concepts” would have been far better choice for Gallie’s meaning, for at least three reasons:.
David-Hillel Ruben – – Philosophical Papers 39 2: In other words, contetsed is “to claim that some feature or property of the concept makes it polysemantic, and that the concept contains some internal conflict of ideas”; and it is this fact that provides the “essentially contested concept” with its inherent potential for “generating disputes”.
Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 56 1: Concepts and Action”, pp. Yet is also clear that “if the notion of logical justification can be applied only to such theses and arguments as can be presumed capable of gaining in the long run universal agreement, the disputes to which the uses of any essentially contested concept give rise are not genuine or rational disputes at all” [ clarification needed ] Gallie, a, p.
Essentially contested concept – Wikipedia
Ehrenberg – – International Journal of Law in Context 7: Dworkin argues that this admission of error would not entail any “change” to his original instructions, because the true meaning of his instructions was that “[he] meant the family to be guided by the concept of fairness, not by any specific conception of fairness [that he] might have had in mind”.
Clarke then drew attention to the substantial differences between the expressions “essentially contested” and “essentially contestable”, that were being extensively used within the literature as though they were interchangeable. Some Reflections on the Semantic Web. But once [we] let the truth out of the bag — i. Esseentially and Political Philosophy categorize this paper.
The Notion of an Essentially Contested Concept.
The term essentially contested concepts gives a name to a problematic situation that many people recognize: Ckntested and applications”Journal of Political Ideologies Vol. In essence, HartRawlsDworkinand Lukes distinguished between the “unity” of a notion and the “multiplicity” of its possible instantiations.
Essentially contested concept
Art as an Essentially Contested Concept. He supposes that he has instructed his children not to treat others “unfairly” and asks us to recognize that, whilst he would have undoubtedly had particular “examples” of the sorts of conduct he was intending to discourage in mind at the time he spoke to his children, whatever it was that he meant when he issued such instructions was not confined to those “examples” alone, for two reasons:.
Peter Ingram – – Philosophia 15 In a section of his article in The New York Review of BooksDworkin used the example of “fairness” to isolate and elaborate the difference between a concept suum cuique and its conception various instantiations, for example utilitarian ethics.
The Problem of Abortion: The descriptive definition is still a definition, even if one may think it less interesting than Gallie’s definition. In Gallie proposed a set of seven conditions for the existence of an essentially contested concept.
Consequently, those responsible for giving “instructions”, and those responsible for setting “standards” of “fairness”, in this community may be doing one of two things:. Since concepgs introduction by W.
Susanne Gibson – – Bioethics 18 3: Yet, to state that a concept is “contestable” essejtially to “attribute some part of any contest to the concept”. Added to PP index Total downloads 2, of 2, Recent downloads 6 months 85 3, of 2, How can I increase my downloads? Gallie – – Philosophical Quarterly 6 Exploring fssentially he considers to be the “crucial distinction” between the overall concept of “fairness” and some particular, and specific conception of “fairness”, he asks us to imagine a group whose members share the view that certain acts are unfair.
From their work it is easy to understand the issue as one of determining whether there is a single notion that has a number of different instantiations, or whether there is more than one notion, each of which is reflected in a different usage. Clarke argued that to state that a concept is merely “contested” is to “attribute significance to the contest rather than to the concept”.
It has been treated as a challenge in essentiallt theorists consider their uses of terms and concepts to be in competition with the uses advocated by other theorists, each theorist trying to be deemed the champion. Jeremy Waldron ‘s research has revealed that Gallie’s notion has “run wild” in the law review literature over the ensuing 60 years and is now being used to denote essrntially like “very hotly contested, with no resolution in sight”,  due to an entirely mistaken view  that the essential in Gallie’s term is an ” intensifier “, when, in fact, “[Gallie’s] term ‘essential’ refers to the location of the contesred or indeterminacy; it is contestation at the core, not just at the borderlines or penumbra of a concept”.
So long as contestant users of any essentially contested concept believe, however deludedly, that their own use of it is the only one that can command honest and informed conested, they are likely to persist in the hope that they will ultimately persuade and convert all their opponents by logical means.