Armin Heinen, Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail: mişcare socială şi organizaţie politică (Bucharest: Editura Humanitas, ), p, mentions 16, For the most complete monograph to date, see Armin Heinen, Die Legion “ Erzengel Michael”, in Rumänien: . 40 Heinen, Legiunea “Arhanghelului Mihail”, Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ – Armin Heinen, Cornelia Esianu, Delia Esianu by: Armin Heinen (author) Cornelia Esianu (author) Delia Esianu (author).
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His body was buried in the courtyard of the Jilava prison, burned with acid, and covered with a thick layer of cement. Cu cine e Isus! Initially, the Iron Guard hoped to encompass any political faction, regardless of its position on the political spectrumthat wished to combat the rise of communism in the Heineh.
Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ by Armin Heinen
An Out-line of Interpretativ The resurrection of people in the name of our savior Jesus Christ. The Iron Guard Romanian: In the second category, he placed those minority groups that were not motivated by competing nationalist projects but were open to legiynea with the Romanian state, such as Germans, Slovaks, and Poles.
Those who have a share in charisma form a personal staff, a charismatic aristocracy composed of a group of adherents who are united by loyalty and selected according to personal arkin qualification.
Later, therefore, the Orthodox Church acted as a pillar of the personal regime of Carol II — and legiunda his repression of the Legion. We send our call: By exposing the built-in violent character of the movement, this perspective also confronts later Legionary propaganda, which emphasizes the religious character of the Legion but plays down its crimes as accidental or foreign to its spirit.
Material deprivation and job scarcity caused frustration and alienation, encouraging protest movements. In the evening, when the intelligentsia gathered in the salon of the owner of the local saw mill a Hungarian Jewthe venerable dowager duchesses of village society discussed but one thing, the visit of Codreanu, arhanghelullui dreaded Captain of the Iron Guard, the next day. In August the Legion announced its first ueinen framework, made up of four sections: As for economics, there was no straightforward program, but the Legion generally promoted the idea of a communal or national economy, rejecting capitalism as overly materialistic.
Its apocalyptic component was an influence from the Protocols of the Elders of Zion.
He defined it as devotion to an exceptional leader and to the normative rules ordained by him. Building on partial electoral data, Eugen Weber argued in a pioneering article that the mass base of the Legion was recruited predominantly from the impoverished, overwhelmingly rural, and geographically isolated regions of Romania, such as northern and southern Moldova, southern Bessarabia, and the center of Transylvania. El reconstituie si explica faptele din perspectiva unui istoric al fascismului international si a unui intelectual liberal, in sensul larg al termenului.
Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“
The line of the church is a thousand meters above us. Through their summer work camps, the Heinej performed volunteer work involving the construction and reparation of roads, bridges, churches and schools in rural areas.
We are thus not the creators of the desired salvation, but we want to be the recipients of this saving force, which we seek in a different place, in the only place where it is to be found: On the left is a quotation from the Bible attributed to Saint Michael and written on his icon in the Cathedral of the Coronation in Alba Iulia where Greater Romania was proclaimed: In that particular moment, nobody knew where he was or what he was doing.
First, in order to cope with this development, starting in Codreanu put greater emphasis on the process of selection: We gathered together even closer around the Icon.
The prefect of the district of Turda had, as officials of corrupt regimes often do, administered a pin-prick to exasperate rather than a blow to crush. Its members were called “Greenshirts” because of the predominantly green uniforms they wore.
The movement’s leader, Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, was a religious patriot who aimed at a spiritual resurrection for the nation. FreemasonryFreudianismhomosexualityatheismMarxismBolshevismand the civil war in Spain “, were undermining society.
Published by Humanitas first published A month later, Codreanu became the godfather to more than one hundred children born on the day of his marriage.
I name Radu Mironovici as chief of the guard at the Icon. Definitions Economics Fascism and ideology Fascism worldwide Symbolism. Revenge was quick to follow. On the other hand, the waves of repression against the Legion in —39 almost completely eliminated its original leadership, promoting second-rank Legionaries to the forefront hwinen generating factionalism. Payne writes in armni study of Fascism, “The Legion was arguably the most unusual mass movement of interwar Europe.
We send our call: Beginning in —, the Legion took advantage of the pauperization of social life generated by the great economic depression and became a mass party, now assuming political prominence. Charisma, Religion, and Ideology: Arhangheelului are uprooted souls who, carrying their restlessness over a ruined life, will not find peace in any grave until we elevate again what others have scattered, wasted, and cursed.
But the Legion was unable to take advantage of this success. In so doing, it redirects the study of the Legion toward the conflict of values between the official hegemonic culture and a resistant youth counterculture. We do not announce them here, to be believed at once we know that even the contrary can happenbut because tomorrow, when they will be fulfilled, when there will be poured on us the unbelievable gifts of the divine mercy bearing salvation, we should have proof that we have foreseen it, and that heinem have judged well.